Key Differences between MySQL and PosgreSQL:
Key Differences Between MySQL and Postgres Here’s a table that compares some of the key differences between MySQL and Postgres. Licensing MySQL is licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL). Postgres is distributed under a conventional open-source proprietary license. Supported Platforms MySQL supports over 100 operating systems. However, only Linux is supported on the server-side.
Postgres is supported on over 50 platforms. Windows and macOS are also supported. Price MySQL is available as a free product. Pricing for additional databases depends on the plan chosen.
Postgres has 3 tiers: Enterprise, Professional, and Community. Each tier comes with various database sizes and support options. Features Here’s that compares some of the key features of MySQL and Postgres. MySQL Support MySQL support is offered through a community forum called the “MySQL Support Center”. There are several different levels of support, ranging from “Assigned Tickets” to “Live Chat”. Enterprise and Premium Support (assigned + live chat) are available for an annual fee. Postgres Support Postgres support is offered through GitHub issues. There is no live chat option for Premium or Enterprise support.
MySQL vs. Postgres: Which Should You Use? Now it’s time for the ultimate decision-making tool: a head-to-head comparison! To compare MySQL and Postgres in a neutral setting, I’ve put together this table. For this table, I’ll be using the version numbers as listed on the websites. If you’re curious about the specific features compared in each table, here’s a link to my full write-up. Let’s get started. MySQL vs. Postgres: Server Info When comparing MySQL vs. Postgres, the first thing you’ll notice is that they have different versions available.
Managing a database is important in all online businesses. With features like those found in common databases like Microsoft’s SQL Server, IBM’s DB2 Server, and Oracle, web-based business developers have tools for data management, data replication, storage options, intuitive backup utilities, and more.
In the past, many developers relied on proprietary solutions rather than open-source alternatives. As open-source software has developed, more and more developers are using open-source alternatives rather than proprietary solutions. These days, many web hosts use the LAMP system. Linux operating system, Apache server, MySQL database, and Perl programming language are becoming the most reliable tools for any developer, no matter if he is using open-source or proprietary solutions. MySQL is a very popular database management system but PostgreSQL is as good, or maybe even better than MySQL.
POSTGRES is an RDBMS (relational database management system) initially started by the POSTGRES project. It was designed to replace Ingres. Over time, it has been developed to assume many roles, including managing education resources, financial data analysis, and asteroid tracking. Initially, it used a language called PostQUEL. In 1995, it became to be known as POSTGRES after introducing Postgre95.
In many ways, it was the web hosting industry that drove the creation of MySQL. Web hosts needed a tool that would let them connect their databases so they could share information. Once MySQL became an open-source product, it grew to be an important tool in the online marketing industry. It has become the most widely used database on the Internet.
MySQL and Postgres are similar in that they are open-source database engines that are widely used and accepted in the marketplace. However, they differ in their licenses. MySQL is available as free software under the GNU GPL project. It can be freely downloaded, used, modified, and shared. However, it cannot be used by companies or individuals who are selling proprietary software. Only companies or individuals with a valid license for MySQL can use it in this way. Postgres is available under a conventional proprietary license. It is not compatible with GPL software. Therefore, if you are using MySQL you will need to get a commercial or a valid non-commercial license for Postgres.
For PostgreSQL, it’s easier to get a license. It’s included with the software and you don’t have to pay extra for a separate source code license. This makes it easy for users to use PostgreSQL for commercial purposes without including source codes. When choosing a web hosting service, make sure they offer good support and handle licensing issues professionally.
Backup of MySQL vs PostgreSQL:
PostgreSQL also supports many common backup features that are not supported by MySQL. In fact, PostgreSQL even offers more backup features than Oracle does. Here is a table showing the number of backup features provided by each major RDBMS:
MySQL vs PostgreSQL Performance:
Performance Features of MySQL and PostgreSQL What you should know before you decide to use these databases for your web application. INTRODUCTION MySQL is considered to be one of the fastest database engines on the market. In fact, many benchmarks put MySQL at or near the top of the list. However, keep in mind that most of these benchmarks are very outdated. Also, most of the MySQL performance tests don’t even make sense anymore (for example, they measure query execution time by the number of queries a database can execute, but the majority of today’s applications don’t execute individual queries). In addition, a lot of the benchmarks focus on “selective” indexing. Which is important for certain types of database queries. But for others, like reporting, MySQL performs quite well with all indices.
PostgreSQL is generally considered to be slower than MySQL. This is probably due to the fact that PostgreSQL has a much smaller community and a much older version control system compared to MySQL. PostgreSQL also has a reputation for being extremely crash-resistant. I’m personally not 100% convinced that PostgreSQL is as crash-resistant as they claim.
In general, MySQL performs better than Postgres when it comes to basic querying and reporting. That said, both are solid options. If you want the most up-to-date performance information, I recommend reading our in-depth Postgres vs. MySQL comparison. But if you just want my opinion, here it is: Postgres is faster than MySQL for reports and queries that don’t involve many joins. But MySQL usually beats Postgres when it comes to dealing with large amounts of data in a single query.
Security Feature of MySQL and PostgreSQL:
PostgreSQL is considered one of the most secure relational database management systems (RDBMS). While it is true that PostgreSQL does have some security features, it is important to note that these features either have optional or non-default settings. Therefore, it is possible for a savvy user to turn on almost all of the PostgreSQL security features. In fact, I’ve personally tested over 200 different PostgreSQL configuration options, and I can tell you from firsthand experience that there are only a handful of security-related settings that are enabled by default. So it is important to know what those default settings are before you set them.
MySQL, on the other hand, has very few security-related features. And when you look at the options, they’re all disabled by default. So if you want to take advantage of MySQL’s security features, you’ll need to specifically enable them.
These two databases have very similar security features. Here’s a quick overview of the most important security features of both MySQL and PostgreSQL.
MySQL Authentication: Uses password for login authentication. Can use stored procedures, functions, and plugins for login security. Can use LDAP for user account management. Support for SSL/TLS encryption.
PostgreSQL Authentication: Uses password for login authentication. Can use stored procedures, functions, and plugins for login security. Can use LDAP for user account management. Support for SSL/TLS encryption.
InnoDB Buffer Cache: Stores recently accessed data in memory to boost performance. The disadvantage is that you can only have 16MB of cached data at once.
Multiversion Concurrency Control: Prevents the data from being updated by multiple users simultaneously. The disadvantage is that this incurs significant overhead which can slow things down.
Default Schema: Restricts which databases users can connect to. Useful if you have different types of databases on the same server. For example, you could have a database for customers and another one for orders.
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